Labor law represents set of rules which regulate relationship between employers, workers, trade union and the government. Collective labor law relates to employers, workers and union while the individual labor law relates to relationship between worker and employee. This law is created in order to make workers safer. Labor laws are based on federal and state constitution, legislation, administrative rules and court opinion. Contract can also determine relationship between employer and employee. For a free consultation call like this.
During the industrial revolution in 1960s and ‘70s in Unites States, Congress prohibited discrimination and unsafe work conditions, but current issues now involve employee healthcare and equal pay for men and women.
Many employees meet with violation of wage and hour laws. Federal laws established that minimum wage is $7.25 per hour, several states have approved higher minimum wage and employers in those states must follow those rules. The state has regulated over time work too. By the federal law 40 hours per week is full time, federal government does not restrict how many hours will individual work per week, but everything that’s beyond 40 hours per week must be paid 50% more.
Discrimination is strictly forbidden. By The Civil Rights Act of 1964 it is not legal to treat workers differently based on their religion, gender, age, disability or ethnicity. If such thing occurs every worker has a right to hire attorney and pursue discrimination claim. He first must follow procedure, like getting a Right –To- Sue letter from Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
Like mention above employer and employee can regulate their relationship trough contract in which they will determine compensation, length of employment, disciplinary procedures, reasons of termination and etc.